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Centerpoint Medical Center

Heart Valve Disease

According to the American Heart Association, approximately 5 million Americans are diagnosed with valvular heart disease each year. Heart valve disease occurs when your heart’s valves do not work the way they should. Your heart valves open and close each of your four heart chambers to maintain a one-way blood flow through your heart and that prevent backward leakage. The four heart valves are aortic, mitral, pulmonary and tricuspid. Conditions that can affect the four valves include:

  • Valvular insufficiency
    • Aortic valve regurgitation
    • Mitral valve regurgitation
    • Pulmonary valve regurgitation
    • Tricuspid valve regurgitation
  • Valvular stenosis
    • Aortic valve stenosis
    • Mitral valve stenosis
    • Pulmonary valve stenosis
    • Tricuspid valve stenosis
  • Congenital valve disease
  • Bicuspid aortic valve disease
  • Acquired valve disease
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Endocarditis
  • Mitral valve prolapse

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Diagnosis & Testing

Many valve disease sufferers have no symptoms at all. Your physician at Centerpoint Medical Center will prescribe diagnostic tests to see if you have valve disease. He may prescribe diagnostic tests such as:

  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Chest x-ray
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG)
  • Holter monitoring
  • Cardiac nuclear medicine
  • Echocardiogram
  • Exercise stress test
  • Transesophageal echocardiography

Procedures & Treatment

Your heart care team at Centerpoint Medical Center has access to a wealth of treatment options for your valve disorder. Treatment of valve disease may include:

  • Aortic valve replacement
  • Beta-blockers
  • Heart valve repair
  • Mitral valve replacement
  • Aspirin and other antiplatelet agents
  • Cholesterol-lowering medications
  • Heart valve replacement surgery